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  • Kizilsu Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture
    2009-11-24    source:Gobal Times    author:

    Full Name: Kizilsu Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture

    Chinese Name: 克孜勒苏柯尔克孜族自治州 (kè zī lè sū kē ěr kè zī zú zì zhì zhōu) 

    Population: 484,300 

    Area: 72,500 square kilometers (27,992 square miles) 

    Nationalities: Uygur, Kirgiz, Han

     

     

    History:

    When Central China had entered its golden age of the slave society three thousand years ago, the Kizilsu was still governed by tribe union in matrilineal society. Nomads had established several kingdoms in this region before it was brought into the domain of the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD). 

    Location:

    Kizilsu Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture is located in the west of Xinjiang, bordered by Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in the north and west. It shares a boundary of 1,195 kilometers with these two countries. In addition, it is bounded on the east by the Aksu Region and in the neighborhood of Kashgar in the south.    

    Physical Features:

    The region is situated at the southwest foot of Tianshan Mountains and the north foot of the Kunlun Mountains and lies in the east of Pamir Plateau and northwest Tarim Basin. Mountains constitute the main framework of its terrain with basins and valleys interleaving among those mountains. Duo to several rivers in the region, plains make up the main part of central Kizilsu. 

    Climate:

    Kizilsu is situated in the hinterland far away from the sea, bearing a typical temperate continental climate. The weather of the prefecture is characterized by strong sunlight and aridity. It is chilly in winter and the temperature is unstable in summer. You'd better go there in summer and autumn.    

    Local Highlights:

    Kizilsu is the only prefecture with the Kirgiz ethnic minority as the main body in China. Furthermore, Uygur has the largest population among eleven minority groups in the prefecture. Folklore and exotic flavor of local ethnic minorities must be attractive. 

    Special Local Products: fig, apricot, grape

    Attractions:
    Muztagata peak is situated in Akto County capped with snow and ice all the year round. The formidable peak stands in the Pamir Plateau setting off perfectly with the Karakul Lake. When summer and autumn come on, the resort became the base camp of climbers. The peak and the alpine lake surrounded by snow mountains are the most famous sights of Kizilsu prefecture.
    Other Scenic Spots: Auyitagh Scenic Area 

    Transportation:

    Artux is about 30 kilometers (19 miles) north of Kashgar Airport. Apart from flights to Urumqi, it also operates some international flight to Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. As to the railway station, Kizilsu also rely on the Kashgar Railway Station in the city proper which is about 40 kilometers (25 miles) from Artux. 

    Kizilsi Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture' tourist bus station is seated in 19, Tianshan Lu, Artux City.