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2018-02-28 source:
Online Dictionary 

Kashi or Kashgar is an oasis city with approximately 350,000 residents in the western part of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. Kashgar is the administrative centre of Kashgar Prefecture which has an area of 162,000 km² and a population of approximately 3.5 million.

The city covers an area of 15 km². The altitude averages 1,289.5 m/4,282 ft. above sea level. The annual mean temperature is 11.7°C, with a low of -24.4° in January and up to 40.1° in July. The frost-free period averages 215 days.


Kashgar is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. Minaret close to Id Kah mosque. 

From the west, this is the first stop for the arrivals on land routes from Pakistan and Kirgyzistan. As a vital stop on the Silk Road, this remote city is about some 4,000 km from Beijing. Today, the city still manages to meet most visitors's requesy with modernization and architectural decline. The old streets, restaurants and markets here are great for exploring. The city is particularly busy between May and October--filled with merchants and traders from Pakistan and Kirgyistan. Abakh Khoja Tomb,Idgar Mosque,Kashgar Old Town and Sunday Bazzar are the four musts for first visitors.


View of Kashgar and the mountains to the west, 1868 


Mao statue in the city square of Kashgar


Han Dynasty 

The earliest mention of Kashgar is when the Chinese Han Dynasty envoy traveled the Northern Silk Road to explore lands to the west. 

Another early mention of Kashgar is during the Former Han (also known as the Western Han Dynasty), when the Chinese conquered the Xiongnu, Yutian (Khotan), Sulei (Kashgar), and a group of states in the Tarim basin almost up to the foot of the Tian Shan mountains. This happened in 76 BC.

The Tang Dynasty